What is a restriction of competition and when is it a restriction by object?

“Our competitors are our friends, our customers are the enemy”, this could be the unofficial motto of a company in a cartel.  Even though this sentence is of course a simplistic definition, it shows abstractly some major aspects of a restriction of competition in terms of Art.101 TFEU: The competitors are friends, which implies that there must be a kind of consensus preventing them to take actions against each other’s interest.


Enlargement Survey - 2011 Report

During the last quarter of the year The European Alliance for Freedom together with the European Foundation for Freedom conducted a telephone survey in six different Member States namely Austria, Germany, Belgium, Sweden, UK and France. Throughout the survey the European


Peace in the Middle East Conference Report

On the 15th May 2012 the European Parliament hosted a Conference entitled: “Peace in the Middle East”.


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